Ecologia profonda: The Wild Foundation, our definiton of Wilderness
Fonte: The Wild foundation
WILD uses a broad definition of 'wilderness'. This is in part because of the global scope of our programs: our definition must be flexible enough to accommodate the different social, cultural, and environmental realities across the many countries in which we work. It is also due to the fact that 'wilderness' is a notoriously difficult term to define rigidly - wilderness refers to a range of variables, such as size, intactness of habitat and ecosystem function, presence of wild animals, and human population density, many of which are measured on a continuum. Furthermore, it is difficult to convey through a definition the essence of wilderness, its cultural and spiritual importance, or its transformative effect on individuals.
Thus, we choose to refer to several core qualities of wilderness rather than adopt a narrow definition. The terms we use are:
Wilderness - terrestrial, freshwater, or marine areas that are mostly intact in terms of natural habitat, faunal assemblages, and biological processes. These areas are characterized by low human impact and population density, and are essentially free of permanent human development. Unless explicitly noted we use the term wilderness generically, without regard to the protected or unprotected status of the land.
Wildlands/Wild Areas/Wild Nature - broader terms that can be inclusive of wilderness, but also include less intact areas with a greater degree of human intervention. These areas retain many wilderness characteristics, and are generally capable of restoration, but do not meet all the wilderness criteria above.
Mega Wilderness - Very large wilderness areas totaling over 100 million hectares (247 million acres).